I have been reading the life story of the late William Temple, who for a short while (1942-1944) was Archbishop of Canterbury, dying suddenly from a heart attack.
This was a tragedy for he was a great Missioner and was determined that the Church of England should be a missionary Church. He realised that England was only nominally Christian; in fact, Church attendance had already started its decline. Indeed it was calculated that in the 1940s less than 10% attended worship in the CofE on a Sunday.
There was still good attendance of children at Sunday Schools, but very few of them stayed long enough to be confirmed and active Church members.
Chaplains in the armed forces reported that a huge percentage of the men (and women) in the forces were completely ignorant of the Christian Faith, had no Church allegiance, knew little of the Bible, despite (at that time), in England, 60% had been baptised! Only 35% actually attended Sunday Schools.
I have written previously about the way in which a Report into Mission, entitled “Towards the conversion of England” was published at Temple’s command in 1944 (the year that he died) with a view to revitalising the Church to prepare for post-war problems.
Costing only one shilling (5p.) it was a mine of information and statistics, but also a wealth of good ideas, regarding “Outreach”. As a ‘teen-ager, recently returned to The Church, I (with many others so inclined), found it a source of inspiration.
So much so, that when ordained, I (and a fair number of young men) saw in it a blueprint that could have a positive effect on the Christian influence in our country. When we were in a position to do so, we began to work on its guidance, which if universally adopted would have transformed religious life, in a Society which was only nominally Christian.
Temple knew from his experience that people returning from the war when many had experienced so many challenges and horrors, would be seeking for answers and explanations, particularly where religion could take its part.
This could have been a sea-change in the way The Church approached and presented the Gospel, of which the majority of people were ignorant.
It was not to be. With Temple’s untimely and unexpected death, his successor, Geoffrey Fisher (who had never been a parish priest, only a public school chaplain) turned the Church’s attention to the need to revise Canon Law (the Church’s rule book). He wanted to discipline those clergy, who altered the Prayer Book services and introducing such “frowned upon” practises, such as incense (which at that time was wrongly presumed to be illegal).
As a result, the highest authority, The Church Assembly, spent 10 years discussing Canon Law; any idea of Evangelism and the “Conversion” report vanished, like other such reports.
Some of the older clergy were delighted, because they had endured the war with all its personal problems and the last thing they wanted was major changes.
The parish where I served as a curate (1952-56) still maintained the same service and pastoral pattern that had been in the 1870s when the church was first built.
Present-day social problems, emphasised by the terribly bitter division over Brexit, mirror those of Temple’s day, and there are tremendous opportunities for Christians to restate the Gospel and speak out clearly of a way by which we may gain a sense of purpose and of moral direction.
What has our Archbishop and other Christian leaders got to say concerning the role of Christianity in our Society?
The Church is worryingly silent on so many social and moral problems and I for one fear for the future of our Society and its lack of Christian guidance. We need to preach the Gospel with all its challenges, for unless we do, the future looks frightening.
"Where true love and kindness are found, God Himself is there" ("Ubi caritas")
The first words of an ancient Christian hymn which (singing from the New Catholic Hymnal) was a favourite with the Wootton congregation (another translation is in our Brading hymn books No.742, but not so good and direct).
Reading the Acts of the Apostles, it is clear that the main thrust that Jesus in the Gospels addressed was social problems and that echoed the commands that God gave to the Jews as described in the Old Testament in Deuteronomy and the prophets.
God commands Moses that His concern is for the poor, the widows, the under-privileged (to whom Jesus turned), the homeless and “strangers” which meant “immigrants”.
Considering the stress by “Brexiteers” on the evils of Immigration, God tells His Chosen people, to be welcoming to such people as they, the Jews themselves had been “strangers” in the lands where they had settled..
There was a conflict within the Early Church between “Faith” and “Works”; some said that all we needed to do was to have faith, that we could not earn God’s favour by good works, others emphasised the place of good works by Christians.
St. James (Jesus’ brother) who whilst never one of his brother’s disciples, appears as the head of the Infant Church in Jerusalem (Acts 21, v17), and qualifies teaching of the faith, dealing with the “works” that will issue from that faith.
He argues that we are to demonstrate our Faith by our behaviour towards others and he and his compatriots immediately after the Resurrection are found to be living a kind of Communistic life, sharing with less fortunate Christians.
Pagans, seeing the Church members’ actions were provoked to exclaim “See how these Christians love one another”; do outsiders say that about us?
If Jesus taught us to pray “Our Father” and that God is the Father of all mankind, it follows naturally from that we need to see all whom we meet as “Children of God”; therefore they are our spiritual brothers and sisters.
It is clear that we, who are called “Christians” because we believe in Jesus Christ, should demonstrate this by how we behave socially towards others.
However, it is not simply good actions and attitudes towards others, without that precious component, which is “Love”.
“Where true LOVE and kindness are found, God Himself is there”; we may do simple acts of kindness for others which have no element of “Love”.
People often help unload my shopping trolley on to the check-out, without my asking, but is that because they are concerned about me, or because it speeds up the process as they wait behind me?
I like to think that it’s the former and not the latter, for within this comes the Doctrine of “Intention”.
There was a popular song in my youth that sums this up (with a sight alteration of one letter), “It ‘ain’t what you do, but the WHY that you do it”.
What do we intend or signify by our attitude towards other people for this will decide the measure of our response.
It is noticeable that the churches that are flourishing are those where the congregation by their actions and attitudes within the community demonstrate that we indeed do this because Jesus requires us to have this “inclusive” approach to others.
“God so loved theworld”; that means all of it, the nice and the “nasty” and we need to try to be people, who have faith, and express it by our daily lives and attitudes, inspired by Love, and then we shall find God beside and within us.
There were nearly 2,000 years between these two births, Jesus Christ and Karl Marx, their only similarity is that they were both revolutionaries in their own right.
Both had similar aims, the welfare of people, fighting poverty, fearlessly condemning bad rulers, the great difference between these two boys, is that one died a vicious and horrific death, rejected by the people He had come to help, particularly by the religious leaders, the other was the focus of one of the crueller regimes of history.
It is interesting, how Christmas Carols have changed over the centuries; nowadays the newer compositions sing of angels and lovely babies in a pristine make-shift cot, jolly people making merry, ignoring the hard facts of the case. The Cross rarely mentioned in modern carols.
The reality is that the “stable” was a cave hewn in the rock, ripe with the smell of animals, and within a short time, the family would be refugees, fleeing Herod’s wrath as he contemplated a possible competitor for power.
What was it the old man Simeon said to Mary? “A sword will pierce your own soul also” (Like 2, vv34-35) and that Jesus “would be for the rising and falling of many in Israel”. One wonders how often those words came to haunt Mary as the years went on.
For thirty years He was His father Joseph’s assistant until the day that He went off with a band of young men ready to proclaim the foundation of a new Kingdom, to be based on love and not on force of arms.
Virtually what might be described as a group of homeless “hippies”, for Jesus said that “the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head” when He was asked “Where do you live?
From the beginning, this young man set out on a Ministry of love, pronouncing a realm of freedom and joy, with the company of a handful of friends, most of whom faithfully followed Him and in so doing set themselves on a collision course with both the religious and political forces.
Jesus deliberately set out to befriend and mingle with the people on the edge of Society, far from the respectable, self-satisfied leaders of His day.
We hear cries that you cannot mix religion with politics, but Jesus did, for “politics” is the force by which people’s lives may be enhanced or ruined.
How I long for the day when our religious leaders will confront the politicians of our day, to deal with the homelessness, the edge-of-poverty living, where thousands of young people are sleeping rough, families struggle to survive when they ought to be sharing in the apparent wealth of the nation.
In His birth, in His life, and in His death, Jesus sought to heal humanity of their ills, physical, mental and above all, spiritual, leaving The Church to continue His work.
Karl Marx is remembered by his tomb in a London cemetery, for in the end his way was one of bloody revolution and oppression; the Saviour headed a revolution of which love was (and is) the motive force and who is remembered by a Cross, an empty tomb and a new relationship between God and humanity.
A happy, peaceful and joyous Christmas to you all.
Sitting in the Doctors’ Surgery recently, I was amused and puzzled at how, in the “waiting room silence” I could only hear the slight clicking of fingers on mobile ‘phones.
From looking up the weather forecast, doing puzzles, or whatever, most of my elderly companions were hard at work communicating with, even heartless, lifeless websites.
My “parsonic” mind, led to my considering whether many of them equally find time to have a chat with God?
Yes, praying comes naturally to folk who have some personal and painful problems where it seems that only divine guidance can come to their aid. But how would you feel if the only time you met and spoke with a neighbour was because you wanted something, say some sugar in the days when that necessity was rationed?
It comes easier if you are on regular speaking terms with them, which makes me wonder to what extent we are on “speaking terms” with God?
How often do you pray? I won’t ask, for you might be embarrassed at how little time you spend in talking to God and additionally, how much time you spend listening to Him?
When Rector of Wootton, there was a parishioner who many tried to avoid for when Ron met you, the wrong thing to say was “Hello, Ron; how are you?” and then you would stand patiently (or impatiently), while you had the latest news about some part of his body that was causing concern, unable to get a word in.
It has to be a two-way conversation, for by this we come to know what people are really like, and that applies to God as much as anyone else.
We have thought already about two ways we can meet God in our lives, but this one requires nothing more than a sense of quiet to be with our Friend and an awareness of what God wants to talk about WITH us, as well as that we wish to say to Him. We learn if we are ready to listen.
The wonder of our Faith is that we don’t need professional people like the clergy to do this on our behalf, but are able to take steps ourselves to come to know Him. There is no better way to do this than reading and pondering how He reveals Himself to us when we read the Gospels.
“He that has seen me, has seen the Father” Jesus tells Philip and if we read the scriptures with an open mind, rather than the rag-bag of images that some hold in their minds, we can begin to know the One who is both “Master and Friend”.
However, this does mean discipline, for there are so many forces at work to prevent us from holding these conversations.
Prayer is not a matter of whether we kneel or sit, or even stand doing the washing-up; gazing out of the kitchen window. I do a lot of my “meeting” God with such mundane occupations, and I suspect I probably surprise the neighbours by loudly singing some hymn or psalm that feeds my spiritual devotions.
I have to be honest, that I do not find prayer the easiest activity and I can find worthy reasons why I should be doing something else, but nothing is more valuable than seeking to meet Him by our daily conversations.
Our old friend (the Devil) is always ready to put interesting thoughts in our minds, (a failure that Christians in their confessions to me have regularly admitted) distracting us from this needful occupation. But there is no more important way by which God (in Jesus) comes to us than our conversations fuelled by a regular reading and meditating on the Gospels. The way He can come to us through our meditations is indeed “Gospel”, that is, “Good News”.
16 December 2018
By the way, “Jargie” was what my wonderful Grandmother called me, particularly when as her Grocer’s errand boy she found me slyly reading the daily paper and would rouse me by “Jargie, Jargie, don’t ‘ee sit there, Do summet useful”, and Jargie obeyed!
There is a moment in the Eucharist Order of service when the priest says “Great is the mystery of faith” and it is proclaimed that “Christ will come again” and I find myself at odds with everyone else, for I always say “Christ has come again” for we are at the moment when the bread and wine by the power of the Holy Spirit (of Christ) become the Body and Blood of Jesus. The Real Presence.
A moment so important that in many churches a bell was (and still is) rung at these two moments to indicate that something wonderful has happened of great importance to the present worshippers and the entire world.
Last week we considered how Jesus promised that “Where two or three are gathered together in my Name, there am I in the midst of them”, and if this is so, then what more wonderful than that He can be present in the Spirit and more significantly is sacramentally so under the form of Bread and Wine?
An action so simple, yet like so much regarding Jesus and His teaching can become, if we are not watchful, mundane and almost automatic rather than realising we are In the Presence of Divine Mystery.
When is the moment of Consecration?
There have been many arguments on this subject of over the past 2,000 years; some scholars suggest it is at the words of Institution “This is my Body/Blood”, but it is only complete when the final Amen is said with the congregation, so that it is not just the priest’s offering, but becomes Christ’s people sharing in the priestly act.
It appears in ancient service forms that the congregation once had a greater part in the Consecration Prayer, similar to one in Common Worship where the (Thanksgiving) Prayer involves the people.
The word “Amen” means “So be it” or “I agree”, being the only moment when the laity can share in the act of Consecration. That means that in our worship that united seal of approval and participation needs to be pronounced firmly and even, loudly.
In parentheses, it’s worth saying that congregations seem to be a bit anaemic in their “agreeing” with prayers that are said on their behalf. Paul writes (1 Corinthians 14, v16) how important it is that the priest or leader of prayer should pray in such a way that we are able to know exactly when we should say “Amen”.
Then again, another school of thought says it is not finally complete until the “Our Father” is said and Common Worship has rightly brought that prayer prior to the administration of Communion, rather than as in the 1662, Book of Common Prayer, being said afterwards as an act of thanksgiving.
So you have a choice, but it doesn’t really matter, except that He is among us when the priest recites His words of Institution, so we can say with the first Queen Elizabeth : “His was the Word that spake it, He took the Bread and brake it, and what that Word doth make it, that I believe and take it”.
One thing is clear that Jesus is not confined by forms of service for He can be present even among a small believing group, with a particularly focus when we receive Him through the Blessed Sacrament.
It may surprise some that until the Reformation believers were expected only to receive Communion very occasionally, but rather gathered on a Sunday morning to “hear” Mass and to adore the Sacrament but not to receive it!
The whole focus of the 1662 Book and the Anglican reformers was to restore the Mass (with Communion) as the central Sunday act of worship, but for many reasons that didn’t become a realty until the Anglican revival of the Victorian years.
The Eucharist has only over the past 150 years become the central act of Christian worship in the Church of England.
The glory of Christendom is the teaching of the “accessibility” of God, for we can gain personal access to the Divine without the intervention of priests or elaborate sacrifices of animals or other creatures.
However, when we come to Communion we need to prepare ourselves well for this wonderful encounter and welcome the Risen, Glorious Christ who, as in Bethlehem came (and still comes) quietly with His loving Saving Presence.